Test could reduce waste by 10% and help meet consumer demands for ‘ready to eat’ avocados
Cranfield University has developed and tested a process to find the ‘perfect avocado’. The technology uses a laser and small vibrations to test the individual fruits’ resonant frequency. The university said that this gives a reliable assessment of ripeness without damaging the avocado.
Professor Leon Terry, director of Environment and Agrifood at Cranfield University, said:
“Hard fruits create a higher frequency than soft fruits, so we calculated the perfect frequency for a ripe avocado and accurately measured this with the LDV test.
“Leaving the fruit undamaged is of great benefit and vastly reduces waste. The test we have developed could be extended to other fruits.”
The current way to test ripeness is through a pneumatic device which pushes into the fruit, or manual testing.
Test set-up usually used in automotive industry
The University adapted a technology used in automotive factories to test the uniformity of large engineered parts. Laser Doppler vibrometry (LDV) beams a laser at the fruit to measure refracted light and uses small vibrations to test the resonant frequency.
These vibrations are caused by a simple impact device which taps the fruit. The LDV test was proven to accurately predict the ready-to-eat stage of avocado fruit.
The avocados travel on conveyor belts in single file, which means the LDV can test them individually. From there, an automatic sorting mechanism which largely exists already could be used to separate the ripe from unripe fruits.
Research Fellow Dr Sandra Landahl said:
“We tested the accuracy of LDV on a real factory line, under lab conditions, and the method has real potential, giving accurate measures of ripeness without damaging fruit.
“If developed, a simple ‘traffic light’ system could sort the fruit into those that are ripe, for discard or for storage, helping industry tackle food waste at this point in the supply chain.”
Cranfield University is co-leading the new BBSRC Quality and Food Loss Network, a new initiative to link researchers with industry to find solutions for the huge food waste challenges facing the supply chain.
The paper ‘Non-destructive discrimination of avocado fruit ripeness using laser Doppler vibrometry’ is published in Biosystems Engineering.